Difference Between “beside” and “besides”?
In the case of beside and besides, that single letter –S is the difference between a preposition and an adverb, respectively.
Beside is a preposition that refers to the position “next to” or that signals something as irrelevant.
Eg. The test itself is beside the issue; it is the philosophy on which the test is based that must be addressed.
Eg. You’ll find “Iron Man” beside the rest of my comic book movies.
Eg. That is beside the point.
|To determine if beside is the word you need, substitute the phrase next to or not relevant to for beside in your sentence—if it makes sense, beside is your word.||To determine if besides is the word you need, substitute the phrase in addition to or except for beside in your sentence—if it makes sense, besides is your word.|
|Eg. That is [not relevant to] the point.
Besides is an adverb that identifies something as “in addition to” or as an exception.
|Eg. Do you have any comments [in addition to] the ones you have already voiced?|
|Eg. Do you have any comments besides the ones you have already voiced?||Eg. No one [except for] the professor can withdraw you from the class.|
|Eg. Besides being a politeness strategy, hedging can also be a means of joining an ongoing conversation.||Eg. I’m too tired to run; [in addition], my running shoes have recently disappeared.|
|Eg. I’m too tired to run; besides, my running shoes have recently disappeared.|
|Eg. No one besides the professor can withdraw you from the class.|
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